revista sanum
ISSN: 2530-5468
Vol. 4. Núm. 2. Junio 2020.

SANUM científico-sanitaria is a quarterly digital journal, with scientific articles of interest for the development of the different professional health areas. SANUM publishes original and unpublished articles, which are evaluated by the editorial and scientific committee.

Papers must meet quality, validity and scientific rigor standards to promote the dissemination of scientific knowledge.

SANUM is the scientific journal of health and expression of the Federation of Employees of the Public Services of UGT Andalucia (FeSP UGT Andalucia), of the health, social health and dependency sectors.

SANUM is a journal of open access (Open Access). All articles are accessible immediately and permanently to facilitate reading and downloading. Included in this Open Access process is the self-archive for the authors of published articles for inclusion in repositories.

The journal is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial- NoDerivatives 4.0 International licence.

SANUM is included in the MENDELEY bibliographic manager.

SANUM has obtained the signature DORA (Declaration of San Francisco that promotes an assessment of research based on the quality of the research itself).

SANUM is published quarterly in the last week of the months of February, June and October .

SANUM publishes articles in Spanish, English and Portuguese.

Indexing:

The journal is indexed in:
Catalogue 2.0 Latindex.
MIAR - Matriz de información para la evaluación de revista. ICDS de 3,0.
CUIDEN. Base de Datos Bibliográfica de la Fundación Index (REHIC).
The journal is in the process of being indexed in various international databases..

 
revista sanum
ISSN: 2530-5468
Vol. 4. Núm. 2. Junio 2020.


AUTHORS GUIDE

ADVANTAGES OF PUBLISHING IN SANUM JOURNAL


High level of transparency

The Open Access policy allows maximum transparency of the articles published in the journal, since they are available to a wide global audience. In addition to accessibility for its digital publication on the web, sending via mobile app and publication on social networks.

Promotion and press department

The articles published in SANUM are disseminated through various means that guarantee a wide audience of more than 5,000 visits to the digital publication. Furthermore, thanks to the wide distribution of the journal, a wide and global number of articles published in the journal is guaranteed. On the other hand, the journal is present on social networks, Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, LinkedIn and Tumblr among others; Thus allowing greater interaction and scope of work, as well as the exchange of comments between authors and readers.

Certifications and publication costs

In addition, all articles accepted and published in the journal are certified with their corresponding ISSN number. THE REVIEW AND PUBLICATION OF ARTICLES IS TOTALLY FREE.


GENERAL ASPECTS OF PUBLICATION IN SANUM


1. Papers submitted for publication in the SANUM journal must be original, unpublished, not accepted or submitted simultaneously for consideration in other journals. In the event that the work has been presented at a conference, congress or similar event, the full name of the congress, dates and venue must be indicated, as well as its form of presentation (poster, oral communication or presentation). As well as if it has been published in the summary of the official book of the congress, considering that in the case that it was the full text, they are not considered unpublished.

2. The authors of the works must be health professionals or other non-health professionals or those related to the health field. The maximum number of authors accepted in the works will not exceed in any case the five authors .

3. Authors must have prior authorization to submit data or figures that are complete or modified that have already been published. Publish photographs that allow the identification of people. Mention the persons or entities that appear in the acknowledgments.

4. The authors implicitly waive the publication rights , so that the accepted works become the property of the SANUM magazine. In the event that the authors need to incorporate their article in repositories, the journal accepts the self-archive and will allow it in pre-print, post-print and PDF-print, it being essential to request authorization from the editorial board and mandatory to cite its origin .

5. The editorial and scientific management may propose to the authors the modifications it deems necessary for the publication of the work. In these cases, the authors must send the original with the proposed modifications in a period not exceeding 15 days ; in case of not meeting this deadline, the work will be rejected.

6. The submission of the work to this journal supposes the FULL ACCEPTANCE of all the criteria dictated in the norms of presentation of articles proposed by the Editorial and Scientific Council of the SANUM journal.

7. Once the paper has been accepted, the correspondence author will receive a notice letter via e-mail with the decision taken and in case of being published when the article is going to be published, indicating the date and number of publication of the article. < / p>

8. All authors of the work must sign and send by post the model of declaration of authorship and transfer of copyright in original document as last and inexcusable prerequisite to the publication of the manuscript.

THE REVIEW AND PUBLICATION OF THE ARTICLES IN THE SANUM SCIENTIFIC-SANITARY JOURNAL IS TOTALLY FREE.


ARTICLE PUBLICATION RULES


Download General Rules of Publication in SANUM

ARTICLE PUBLICATION RULES

SANUM publishes original works, review articles, editorials, clinical cases or case studies, protocols and other specific articles related to any professional health area of ​​the health sciences and that favor the development and dissemination of research, knowledge and their powers. All the papers received are submitted for evaluation by the editorial committee and by external reviewers. Manuscripts must be prepared following the recommendations of the International Committee of Directors of Medical Journals in their latest version and comply with the publication standards set forth herein. Failure to consider these recommendations and instructions will inevitably cause a delay in the editorial process and in the possible publication of the manuscript, and may also cause the manuscript to be rejected.

Original submission method: email

The only way of sending the works will be through the following email: ConsejoDedaccion_revistasanum@yahoo.es and following the rules and recommendations for the presentation of the works . • It must be sent by the main author: CORRESPONDENCE AUTHOR .
• In the SUBJECT of the message, the title of the work should be written in capital letters.
• In the HEADER of the message, the title of each of the attached files sent with the message must be indicated. In addition, the name and surname of the authors, professional category and current work activity must be indicated.

Once the work has been received in this way and according to these recommendations, a response will be sent after its structural review by the Technical Secretariat of the editorial board. In case of receiving any work sent without these recommendations, it will not be attended or reviewed, being considered as not accepted work .

Once it has been verified that the article meets the structural characteristics accepted by this journal, the Secretary of the editorial board will send the manuscript to the editorial and scientific committee for a documentary, ethical and scientific rigor review, necessary conditions for that the article be accepted and published in this journal .

Once the article is admitted by the editorial and scientific council, it will be reviewed by external reviewers, who will present a report with the opinion of their review and in any case the corresponding author will be notified of the decision. taken. In case of being accepted, the authors will be notified for their next publication, which will depend on the queue of articles existing at that time and that are pending publication in the journal with the decision of publication order dictated by the editorial committee and scientist.

Formal aspects of the originals:
• Document format: A4.
• Minimum number of full pages without images: 10 pages.
• Maximum number of complete pages without images: 20 pages.
• All pages must be numbered at the bottom right.
• Source: Times New Roman. 12 point double-spaced font size.
• Texts without bullets.
• Files in Word format. Saving files with a .doc, .docx or .rtf extension
• 72 pp color images.
• Tables, maps and graphs may be presented in Excel format with clarity and precision; they must invariably include the source or origin of provenance, and their exact placement must be indicated in the text of the work. The maximum number of these elements must not exceed six elements in total, including images, tables or graphics.
• Calls must be numeric.
• Citations should be inserted in the text by opening a parenthesis with the author's last name, the year of publication and the page.
• For acronyms, acronyms or abbreviations, the first time they are used, the full or untied name must be written; then, in parentheses, the form to be used later. Examples: World Bank (WB), United Nations (UN), gross domestic product (GDP).
• The articles will be received with the corresponding spelling and style correction.
• The publication of articles will be subject to the availability of space in each issue.
• The following sections must be presented in Spanish and English: TITLE, SUMMARY, KEY WORDS AND DISCUSSION-CONCLUSIONS .

SECTION POLICIES

The sections that are admitted following the editorial policy of the journal are the following:

• Editorial:

This section will include comments and reflections on a new topic of current health or scientific relevance, related to Health Sciences, Medical Sciences, Nursing or other health or clinical discipline, that is of interest to health or non-health professionals. .

This section will be prepared by custom at the request of the management or editorial team of the journal, although the journal is open to proposals on topics and authors who can develop them as experts in the field to present. The editorial does not express the official position of the SANUM editorial committee, unless expressly stated in the editorial itself.

All publishers should try to be impartial and deal with novel, controversial or very little literature topics, and should reflect the different positions that exist. Editorials will have a maximum length of 500 words, up to 10 bibliographic references, and without any graphic element. Abstract should not be included.

This section is published as the journal's leading article.

• Letters to the editor:

In this section, scientific and formally acceptable observations will be published on the articles published in the SANUM journal, from the two previous issues published. It is also a space for readers to send their comments on current issues, in any aspect related to health sciences that may be of interest to health and non-health professionals. It is the ideal section for the exchange of ideas and opinions among the readers, authors and editorial team of the journal, in which we invite you to participate. The maximum length will be 500 words. A table or figure will be admitted (see rules for publishing tables and figures) and up to 6 bibliographic references.

• Original Articles:

Full description of an essential research work or clinical practice that provides sufficient information to allow a critical assessment. These works will have a quantitative or qualitative methodology related to any aspect of research in the health or socio-health field of the different disciplines of Health Sciences. The manuscript will not exceed 3,000 words (excluding the abstract, acknowledgments, bibliography and figures and / or tables). The maximum number of bibliographic references will be 35, and the number of tables or figures will not exceed 6.

The following sections must appear in an orderly manner in the document structure: Introduction, Methodology, Results, Discussion and Conclusions. The units of measurement in any section will be expressed in the conventional system or in the international system (SI).

In addition to the previous structure, this manuscript must include a SUMMARY, which can be structured or unstructured and at least 3 KEY WORDS, both sections in Spanish and English.

• Short originals:

Works with the same characteristics described in the originals, but which are published in a more abbreviated manner with more concrete objectives and results. The maximum length of the text will be 1,500 words, admitting up to a maximum of 3 tables or figures. The structure of these manuscripts will be the same as that of the original ones (Introduction, Methodology, Results and Discussion) with a maximum of 15 bibliographic references. The abstract must be structured and the rest of the structure must be the same as that of the originals.

• Reviews:

Bibliometric studies, systematic reviews, meta-analysis and meta-synthesis on relevant and current topics in Health Sciences, which should include: Introduction, Methodology, Results, and Discussion and Conclusions. The maximum length of the text will be 3,000 words, and a maximum of 6 tables or figures will be admitted (see rules for table and figure rules). Review papers will include a 250-word structured abstract and a maximum of 50 bibliographic references. You can include keywords.

For the preparation of the systematic reviews or meta-analyzes it will be advisable to follow the indications published in the PRISMA statement (http://www.prisma-statement.org).

• Protocols or procedures. Field notes.

This section will publish manuscripts on the current state of knowledge in specific aspects, experiences of professional practice that are of great interest, novel and relevant based on the professional experience of the author or authors.

Its theme may include not only problems in the healthcare field, but also issues of teaching, research or management content. The structure will include: Introduction, Development, Conclusions and Bibliography. The maximum length will be 2000 words and a summary of no more than 500 words, in Spanish and English. A maximum of 3 tables and / or figures and 20 bibliographic references will be accepted.

• Clinical cases:

In this section, manuscripts will be published that must be essentially descriptive works of one or more clinical cases, of exceptional interest, either due to their infrequent frequency, their unusual evolution or their contribution to the knowledge of clinical practice in any of the disciplines of Health Sciences. Professionals should present new or illustrative aspects of any area of ​​health knowledge of clinical practice and express them in a standard way that is understandable to other professionals. They must be adequately argued and explained. Its maximum length must be 1000 words and follow a specific structure and appropriate to its description. You can include up to 3 tables and / or figures and up to 10 bibliographic references.

• Special articles:

Manuscripts referring to other works that do not conform to the above types of work and that may be of scientific interest in any health area will be published. This type of manuscripts will have a maximum length of 1500 words and 2 tables or figures. They will include a 250 word abstract. It will not be necessary to structure said summary or the main text in introduction, methods, results and discussion. A maximum of 15 bibliographic references is recommended.

• Clinical images:

Clinical images must strictly comply with the international terms of ethics and respecting the integrity of patients and complying with what is informed consent.

Images of any type (ectoscopic, endoscopic, radiological, microbiological, pathological, etc.) that are demonstrative and contain by themselves a relevant message of scientific and current rigor. Its structure should contain a title in Spanish and English, presentation of the case, diagnosis, evolution and brief comment in order to discuss the observed findings. It should not exceed 500 words and no more than 10 bibliographic citations and 3 authors maximum. It is recommended to include explanatory graphic resources (arrows, asterisks) in the image.

The quality of the manuscript must be at least 300 dpi and with a size no greater than half a page of the submitted manuscript. It will be subject to peer review.

• Clinical practice guidelines.

They are manuscripts where questions or health / clinical problems are posed and the best scientific evidence available is organized so that, in the form of recommendations, they can be used in clinical decision-making. They are defined as "the set of recommendations developed in a systematic way, to help clinicians and patients in the decision-making process, about which are the most appropriate interventions to solve a clinical problem in specific health circumstances" (Field MJ, 1990).

The structure that must be followed is: Title- Stages in the development of the guide- Choice of clinical condition / health problem-Specification of tasks- work plan-Systematic review of the literature and preparation of recommendations- Bibliography revised and updated-Authors of the guide.

The Guide will be revised and once accepted, it will be proposed to publish it in an abbreviated form as a special article and to publish the complete or extended guide as a monograph in the supplements section.

FORMAL STRUCTURE TO BE PRESENTED BY THE MANUSCRIPTS.

A standard structure proposed by the The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors , which recognizes a generic structure of the Scientific Manuscript, must be followed. Therefore, the scientific article is subject to this internationally accepted structure, in which each section has a purpose and an intention. This structure may vary depending on what type of article is listed above.

Therefore, the following STRUCTURE OF THE MANUSCRIPTS received at the Technical Secretariat must be followed:

FIRST PAGE:
• Article title in both Spanish and English .
• Full name and surname of each of the authors, profession and workplace where appropriate, without abbreviations (Mª ...)
• Center / s where the work has been carried out.
• Name, email address, and telephone number of the author responsible for the communication of notices. He is the author of correspondence.
Financing of the article: indicate the financial and material aid that the study may have had, and indicate the organism, the agency, the institution or the company, and the number of the project, agreement or contract. In case of not having external financing, "No financing" will be recorded. This information is required in all types of articles previously described.
• Conflict of interest: The authors, when sending the manuscript, must indicate if there are any conflicts of interest (moral, economic, labor, research, etc.). The editorial board may require the authors that this conflict declaration be expanded or detailed as much as they consider appropriate. Likewise, if there is no conflict of interest, they should state it explicitly.
• If it has been presented as a presentation, oral communication, poster, etc. in some congress or day, indicating dates of celebration, place of celebration.

RECOMMENDATIONS TO TAKE INTO ACCOUNT WITH THE TITLE OF THE ARTICLE:

The 'article presentation card' is considered in front of the research reader or member of the scientific community. It must be attractive to capture the reader's attention and it must accurately identify the main theme of the writing, it must be descriptive.

If the study focuses on a specific population group (only women or only men, older people, immigrant population ...), in the title, this population group should be mentioned.

The characteristics that make a title suitable are:
• You must describe the content in a concrete way and although there is no specific rule on its size, It should not be excessively long and a limit of 10 to 15 words is established.
• It must be specific or concise in relation to the topic covered, avoiding generic terms. Clarity refers to the absence of ambiguous elements.
• The following sentences are uninformative and may be removed from the beginning: Aspects of, Comments on, Studies of, Notes on, Observations on ....
• Avoid if possible the use of terms such as: Study, Research, Analysis, etc., which are superfluous because they are supposed to be part of the work as an original article.
• Acronyms, acronyms and abbreviations must not appear.
• The fewer punctuation marks the better.
• Both the words and the syntax must be correct. Avoid subtitles or split titles.
• They must be written with an affirmative phrase, avoiding the interrogative tones.
• If the study focuses on a specific population group (only women or only men, the elderly, children, immigrant population ...), this population group should be mentioned in the title.

It is therefore about describing the content of the article as accurately as possible with the fewest number of words, so it is important that once the article is finished, the title is reviewed to verify that it reflects the actual content in a concise way. of the article or if, on the contrary, it needs some adaptation once we have the global vision of the finished work.

What is a good title ?: as few words as possible that adequately describe the content of an article.

SUMMARY AND KEY WORDS

On the second page, the abstract and keywords must be included in Spanish and English , and in that order.

SUMMARY

It represents a synthesis of the essential content of the work, an abbreviated and precise representation of the content of the document, without interpretation or criticism, which helps the reader to decide whether or not to read the full text.

The summary can be structured or unstructured. The structured summary must include a specification of the main sections of the work: introduction, method, discussion, main conclusion. The unstructured abstract is less recommended and should contain a clear synthesis of the highlights of the manuscript.

The approximate length of the abstract will be 250 words, not exceeding the maximum of 350 words, it may vary according to the type of work (read section policies)

Characteristics that the summary section must meet:
• Brevity: The recommended length should be between 150-250 words.
• Autonomy: The summary must be a coherent text and must be understood on its own.
• Accuracy: It must include the most important concepts in the document.
• Clarity: The summary must be understandable, simple and informative.

Recommendations to follow to prepare this section of the paper:
• To be understood without having to read the article partially or totally.
• The main points of the article can be developed in concrete terms.
• Be ordered observing the general outline of the article.
• Start with the most important idea of ​​the work, but not repeating the title of the work.
• Write in 3rd person, impersonally, using the present tense: "It is described, it is reviewed ..."
• Take special care of spelling correction and punctuation marks.
• Use professional, technical and scientific terminology, but avoiding abbreviations.
• Try to write the summary in two or three paragraphs, using short sentences.
• Do not include subjective evaluations, or personal motivations that justify the work, etc.
• Avoid useless phrases and vague expressions.
• Avoid ambiguous words, with meaning that can be confused.
• Avoid superlatives, unnecessary adjectives and obvious information clarifications.
• Do not make particular references to a graphic or image.

It is recommended that both the TITLE and the SUMMARY , be prepared after the end of the article, as this allows a broader view of the study and helps to select the key aspects that must appear both in the Title and in the Summary.

KEY WORDS

Following the summary, no more than 5 keywords will be explained, without explaining their meaning. These keywords should express significant terms of the work presented and describe the main content of the article. Acronyms or abbreviations will not be accepted as keywords .

They serve for inclusion in indexes or databases, allowing their selection when performing a bibliographic search . To order a future bibliographic search by other authors and professionals, they should be put in the order of appearance in the article.

In medical sciences, they must be taken from the Medical Subject Heading (MeSH), whose translation in Spanish is "Descriptors in Health Sciences (DeCS)" . Therefore, it is necessary to check these descriptors to be used in the article. The access link: http://decs.bvs.br/E/homepagee.htm

Entering this page allows us to locate the same term with its exact translation and its synonyms, which should be used as a keyword. If it is not included, you should look for another one if it is included or a synonym for it .

Other recommendations: do not limit yourself to repeating the words that appear in the title. Do not use empty words (pronouns, adverbs ...), insignificant words, (analysis, description, investigation ...) or infinitives.

ABSTRACT and KEYWORDS

The two previous sections should be written in English , with the complete and exact translation into English of the abstract (Abstract) and the key words (Key Words) in addition to the title of the article. It should be borne in mind that this information in English will appear in the main bibliographic databases, and the authors are responsible for its spelling and grammar correction.

IMRAD STANDARD STRUCTURE

The following sections of the manuscript must follow the structure proposed by The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, which recognizes a generic structure of the Scientific Manuscript that includes the following sections: Introduction, Material and Methods, Results, Discussion and Conclusions 'IMRAD' . Therefore, the scientific article is subject to this internationally accepted structure, in which each section has a purpose and an intention. This general structure may change depending on the type of article proposed

INTRODUCTION:

The introduction has to explain "why this work has been done", and a summary idea of ​​the work done. It will outline the moment of the situation, must describe the study problem and its antecedents, and argue with updated bibliographic references. And the objectives of the work will be clearly established.

The introduction establishes the knowledge argument currently available on the research topic (background), pointing out the existing knowledge gaps and towards which of these our research is directed and tries to arouse interest in the publication.

Bibliographic citations must be necessary and must be current (between 6 and 10 years depending on the topic, considering the ideal below 6 years), except for publications that constitute "milestones" in the evolution of knowledge of the topic investigated.

It should not be excessively long that they can bore and attract too much attention to the reader regarding other more important sections ( about 300 words ) and the central structure of the article. This section is built based on a story sequence in which it is important to consider the following aspects:
• There should be no data or statements that subsequently appear in the "Results" or "Conclusions" sections.
• It should not extend into already consolidated knowledge.

The importance of research is obvious to the author, but not necessarily to the reader. You have to answer the question What? And why was the investigation necessary? It must be justified. And then explain the importance of research for daily practice.

The relationship between research and prior knowledge of the topic (the background) is established through a narrative supported by citations from the literature. It is not necessary to mention everything that is known about the subject, but to demonstrate that the subject is known. Only the most relevant contributions will be cited.

A common mistake is to start the introduction with very general information for the article audience. In this section the purpose and objective of the article should be made explicit.

HYPOTHESIS AND / OR OBJECTIVES OF THE WORK:

These two sections can be developed in their own section, as occurs in research projects, or added within the writing of the article as the final paragraphs of the Introduction .

HYPOTHESIS: In relation to the hypothesis / s, the following aspects should be considered:
• The hypothesis represents the researcher's theory in relation to the research topic (it is not a research question).
• The hypothesis must be formulated directly and simply in a short text (multiple hypotheses cannot be formulated in the same paragraph).
• Hypotheses are tested, so they determine the design, methodology and analysis (what is not testable is not a hypothesis).

OBJECTIVES: refer to what the work is intended to achieve. It is recommended to present a main objective and no more than 2-3 secondary objectives, bearing in mind that these must be justified during the course of the work, even though they have not been achieved. Regarding the writing of the objectives, it is necessary to consider:
• They represent the scope or achievements of the research project.
• Objectives are reached or achieved (unattainable achievements are not objectives).
• They determine both the design and the methodological and analytical aspects.
• They must be expressed in terms of knowledge: Know, Estimate, Identify, Validate.
• Terms such as: Study, Analyze, Investigate should be avoided.
• They must be formulated in infinitive (-ar, -er, -ir, -or -ur) and express the ideas of what you want to demonstrate with the presentation of the work.
• It means the end that you want to reach, the goal that is intended to be achieved with the development of the article.

MATERIAL AND METHODS (METHODOLOGY)

There are two essential aspects when writing this section:
to. The writing of this section should be such that it allows other researchers to repeat the study in order to reproduce the results.
b. It must be in accordance with the hypotheses and objectives formulated.

This section section explains how the research was done , you have to give all kinds of details. Most of this section should be written in the past tense. The work must be able to be validated and repeated by other researchers, therefore it will be necessary to offer precise information so that other colleagues can repeat the experiment, this implies describing in detail and defending the design. The scientific method requires that the results obtained be reproducible.

You should answer the following questions: What? How much? Where? When? The study has been carried out.

In materials , it is better to refrain, if possible, from giving trade names, it is preferred to use generic names to avoid intrinsic advertising. It simply describes what has been used (surveys, tests and procedures, measuring devices or instruments, drugs, routes of administration, techniques used, etc ...).

Recommendations in its writing:
• We must respond specifically to how and how much and sometimes when . If statistical methods have been used, the data should be presented and examined, in summary.
• The statistical methods of others should be described by bibliographic citations, but a long description of them will not be made.
• If a new method is used (no bibliographic citations), it will have to be described and possibly justified.
ambiguous terms such as: regularly, frequently, periodically… should not be used.
• It is written in past : It was counted, measured, etc ...

The description of a clinical case can be used as a method as the center and development of the study carried out. A bibliographic review can be used, describing how it has been done. .

This section must meet the following conditions :
• The aspects related to the design must be described in detail: type of study, sample, sampling error, bias control, measurement methods, data source, period of data collection, recruitment, follow-up, etc.
• In the case of using already standardized or validated methods, only their mention is necessary and should not be described in detail.
• Specify ethical and confidentiality aspects.
• Statistical methods must be described with a level of detail that allows the analysis to be reproduced in the case of accessing microdata.
• Avoid using, outside the statistical scope, terms such as "significant", "correlation", "relationship", "association", etc.

RESULTADOS.

This section is the nucleus of the communication, where the DATA obtained is shown. Here the results of the investigation are reported. Data can be provided through text, tables and figures. Text is the fastest and most efficient way to present little data, tables are great for presenting accurate and repeatable data, and figures are the best choice for presenting data that shows important trends or patterns. The figure includes any possible illustration material: graphics, diagrams and photographs.

In the writing of this section, the researcher must always keep in mind the hypotheses and objectives formulated. This section is the basis for expressing the evidence obtained.

The main aspects to consider are:
• It must be directed towards the verification of the hypothesis and the achievement of the objectives.
• Results not derived from data analysis should not be expressed.
• Both positive and negative results should be expressed.
• The information must be summarized using tables.
• Figures should be used to emphasize results (not good tools for expressing exact numerical information).
• In general, Roman numerals should be used for tables (Table I, Table II, etc.) and Arabic numerals for figures (Figure 1, Figure 2, etc.).
• Avoid, in the text, the repetition of data expressed in tables or figures.

DISCUSSION.

It will be exposed why this study has been done and what results or consequences it has reached, being able to include the effects achieved if it is a significant work or research. It is the INTERPRETATION of the results obtained, therefore the author must not express as conclusions those that do not derive directly from the results. Explains the meaning of the experimental data and compares it with results obtained from other similar previous works.

They refer to arguments and claims related to data from experimental measurements and logic: science regarding rules and procedures to discern whether a reasoning (reasoning) is correct (valid) or incorrect (invalid) ).

With the conclusions, it constitutes the final and proper part of the work developed and exposed.

In this section the results obtained in the investigation should be discussed. For this, the author must explain:
• The answer to the research question.
• Summarize the evidence found.
• Express the verification or not of the hypotheses and the achievement or not of the objectives formulated.
• Highlight the main findings.
• Confront our results with other scientific publications.
• Explain the weaknesses of the study and its limitations regarding the scope of the results (critical evaluation of the authors).
• Analyze the potential causes of negative results.
• Ask questions for further research.

CONCLUSIONS.

From this discussion we will draw our conclusions, which must be interpretive, not descriptive, therefore they cannot reproduce quantitative data and it is important that we make an effort to summarize the main applications or benefits in terms of health that our work can report.

Both previous sections (DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS), must be presented in Spanish and English, in this order.

BIBLIOGRAPHIC REFERENCES / BIBLIOGRAPHY.

Bibliographic references must necessarily be numbered consecutively by means of a superscript call and Arabic numerals in the order of appearance for the first time in the text, tables and figures. This section reflects the documentary base on which the research has been based and mainly supports the introduction, methodology and discussion sections.

The wording should be such that it allows other researchers to repeat the study in order to reproduce the results.

Requires special care to follow universal citation requirements that allow any reader to retrieve any of the articles or papers referenced in our study in case they need them.

To correctly reference each of the works, we must use the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts, what we know as VANCOUVER STANDARDS , which is available in the recommendations of the International Committee of Editors of Biomedical journals .

In practical terms, they are a set of rules established to make communications and publications in biomedical journals uniform and thus ensure that they meet criteria shared by readers and researchers in the field of Health Sciences for the citations used in their jobs.

The bibliography must be recent, for guidance and as previously mentioned, we can focus on bibliography that has been published in the last six years, but as has also been mentioned, this aspect depends on the specific topic we are studying and sometimes we are forced to extend the study period, sometimes to reach a reasonable number of articles for the review and in others for different reasons. We must also ensure that they are adequate and fit with criteria of relevance to the proposed research topic. Regarding the number of references, it should be reasonable and should rarely exceed 40 citations

All bibliographic citations of journal articles, books, protocols or other published or electronic material must be made following these Vancouver standards . Below we present the recommendations and styles for citing the most common documents:
1. BOOK: Author / s. Title. Volume. Edition. Place of publication: Editorial; year. Example: Pérez Pérez A., Suarez Jiménez, E. Medical dictionary. Volume II.2ª edition, Barcelona: Editions medicine and health; 1998.
2. BOOK CHAPTER: Author / s of the chapter. Chapter title. In: Director / Coordinator / Literary editor of the book. Title of the book. Edition. Place of publication: Editorial; year. Chapter start page-Chapter end page. Example: Rader DJ, Hobbs HH. Fat metabolism disorders. In: Barnes PJ. Longo DL, Fauci AS, et al, editors. Harrison's early internal medicine. Vol 2. 18th ed. Mexico: McGraw-Hill; 2012. p. 3145-3161.
3. journal ARTICLE: Authors of the article (6 aut. Maximum et al). Article title. Abbreviation of the journal. Year; Volume (number): pages. Example: Sánchez J.C, Gómez T. News about celiac disease. An Pediatr. 2013; 78 (1): 15-22
4. INTERNET journal ARTICLE: Authors of the article (6 authors maximum et al). Article title. Abbreviation of the journal [Internet]. Year [date of consultation]; Volume (number): pages. Available at: Article URL Example: Vitoria JC, Bilbao JR. News in celiac disease. An Pediatr [Internet]. 2013 [cited 2013 Feb 14]; 78 (1): 1-5. Available at: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/S1540
5. WEB PAGE (WEB SITE): Web Site [Internet]. Place of publication: Editor; Start date [last update date; date of our consultation]. Available at: web URL Example: Orpha.net [Internet]. Paris: Orphanet; 2000 [updated 14 Feb 2013; cited 2013 Apr 4]. Available at: http://www.orpha.net/consor/cgi?bin/index.php?lng=ES

VANCOUVER RULES , can be found at: https: / /www.fisterra.com/her tools / resources / vancouver/

GRAPHIC ELEMENTS: IMAGES, TABLES AND FIGURES.

Images :

Images can be included in a maximum number of 3, which must follow the ethical standards and corresponding publication permits, including the sources of origin and corresponding authorizations. The source of origin can be referred to in the bibliography ..

They must be related to the theme of the work and may refer to someone other than the text, in which case it must be indicated in it, for example: (image 1). .

They must be of sufficient quality and have a title in their image caption and must be sent in image format (jpg, tif, ...) and in ATTACHED FILE apart from the manuscript . They can also appear in the manuscript or indicate the place where you want to place it, indicating it in red and what the order of appearance is.

Tables and figures:

These graphic elements represent a very useful and generally important tool for the presentation of the data obtained in the study. Each element must contain a title and be numbered in the order in which they appear in the text. A brief explanation of the graphic element that does not exceed a line of text depending on the dimensions of the element can be included.

If they contain abbreviations or acronyms, their meaning must appear at the foot of the graphic element and their numbering and title must be located in the header ..

OTHER SECTIONS TO INCLUDE AT THE END OF THE MANUSCRIPT (they are placed after the conclusions and before the bibliography):

Transparency statement:

It is necessary to write this section in all cases. This statement is written by the main author of the study, which must ensure the quality, rigor and transparency of the study, with its results and limitations; in addition to expressing the participation of the authors signing the manuscript with their full approval of it. An example of this section (recommended wording) :.

“The main author (defender of the manuscript) assures that the manuscript is an honest, adequate and transparent article; that it has been sent to the scientific journal SANUM, that it has not excluded important aspects of the study and that the discrepancies of the analysis have been argued, being registered when they have been relevant. All authors have contributed substantially to the design, analysis, interpretation, critical review of the content and final approval of this article. "

(We recommend reading the section "ETHICAL STATEMENT OF THE PUBLICATION").

Funding sources:

It is necessary to write this section in all cases and indicate the source of origin if there is or if there is no source of financing, indicate: "no sources of financing".

(We recommend reading the section "ETHICAL STATEMENT OF THE PUBLICATION").

Conflict of interest:

It is necessary to write this section in all cases. If there is no conflict of interest, it should be stated on the authors' data page: "no conflict of interest" ; or express the conflicts that arose during the development of the study ..

(We recommend reading the section "ETHICAL STATEMENT OF THE PUBLICATION").

Publication:

It is necessary to write this section in all cases. It must be indicated if the study has been presented at any scientific event (conference, symposium or congress) and in the format presented (oral communication, poster, presentation ...) In this case, state the title, dates of celebration and location of the same. .

In case of not having been previously presented at any event, it should be indicated: "This study (work) has not been presented at any scientific event (congress or conference)" ..

(It is recommended to read the section "ETHICAL STATEMENT OF THE PUBLICATION")

Thanks :

They should contact the institutions, organizations and / or people who have collaborated significantly in carrying out the study without the consideration of being the author. The authors have the responsibility to obtain the corresponding permits in their case. Thus, all the people specifically mentioned in this acknowledgment section must know and approve their inclusion in said section.

SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL:

If you need to present any supplementary material attached to the study, you may include that considered necessary to attach to improve the understanding of the work (surveys, list of diseases or others, tests used, analytical results, tables of values, etc.). .

This material will be placed at the end of the article, in its own section and each attached element will be numbered in the order of appearance and with its title. These annexes will be referred to in the article in its corresponding place where they are referenced.

The format of these elements can be image or in a separate Excel document.


ETHICAL STATEMENT OF THE PUBLICATION


Download the publication's ethical statement

ETHICAL STATEMENT OF THE PUBLICATION

Below are the considerations related to the ethical statement prepared by the editorial and scientific committee, as well as by the executive committee of the SANUM journal, describing the main aspects that must be declared and contain the manuscripts to be evaluated, accepted and published in SANUM journal. These are:

1. Ethical responsibilities.

The authors signing the articles accept the responsibility defined by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE).

The papers that are sent to the SANUM journal for evaluation must have been prepared in compliance with international recommendations on clinical research (Declaration of Helsinki of the World Medical Association revised in October 2013) and with laboratory animals.

2. Declarations inherent in the submission of the manuscript

The submission of a manuscript implies that:
1. The work has not been previously published (except in conferences and congresses such as communication or poster; or an academic thesis); see the section on 'Redundant or duplicate publication'.
2. That it has not been sent to any other means for evaluation and publication.
3. That its publication is authorized by all the authors as well as expressly or tacitly by the authorities responsible for the institution in which the job.
4. That, if accepted, it will not be published in any other medium or in any other language, not even in electronic format, without the written consent of the owner of the copyright. To verify its originality, the manuscript may be examined using the Turnitin program or similar.

3. Informed consent

If the work involves the participation of people or animals, the author must ensure that it was carried out in accordance with the WHO code of ethics (Declaration of Helsinki) on experiments with humans. The author must have obtained the consent of all the subjects studied and declare in the manuscript that he has them. Necessarily, the right to privacy of people must always be respected and the anonymity of all information / images must be guaranteed to guarantee the protection of personal data.

Animal experiments should adhere to the ARRIVE guidelines and be performed in accordance with the UK Animal Act 1986 (Scientific Procedures) and related recommendations of the EU Directive 2010/63 / EU for animal experiments . The author must clearly indicate in the manuscript that these guidelines have been followed.

4. Redundant or duplicate publication.

All articles sent to SANUM journal are subjected to plagiarism detection scrutiny with specialized software. Authors must inform in the cover letter about previous submissions or publications of the same work, in whole or in part, that may be considered redundant or duplicate publication. It is necessary to cite and include the bibliographic reference of these previous publications in the new manuscript. Authors are responsible for obtaining permission to partially reproduce materials (text, tables or figures) from other published works. These permissions must be requested from both the author and the publisher of the publication. It will not be considered redundant publication if the work has been previously presented at a conference.

As an example, if one of these two questions has an affirmative answer, there may be redundant or duplicate publication:
- Is the submitted manuscript part of a larger study that has previous publications in another medium?
- Has a part of your manuscript been sent to another journal for evaluation or has it been previously published partially or totally?

5. Conflict of interest

In the manuscript and as a recommendation of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors , it should be stated if there is any possible conflict of interests linked to the study and is considered as those conditions in which the professional judgment that concerns the primary interest of scientific integrity, tends to be negatively influenced by a secondary interest, such as monetary interest.

In the absence of any type of conflict of interest, it should be stated on the authors' data page: "no conflict of interest" .

6. Funding source

Institutions that have provided financial funding for the research or article preparation, as well as a brief description of the role these sponsors have played in the design of the study, must necessarily be indicated on the authors' data page. , the collection, analysis and interpretation of the data, the writing of the article or the decision to send the article for publication. If there has not been any type of participation, please indicate "no sources of funding" .

7. Research integrity

According to the National Research Council of the National Academies, research integrity can be defined as a series of good practices that include:
- Intellectual honesty to propose, execute and present the results of an investigation.
- Detail accurately the contributions of the authors to the research proposals and / or their results.
- Be fair in reviewing scientific articles (peer review process).
- Promote interaction between the different scientific communities and the exchange of resources.
- Transparency in conflicts of interest.
- Protection of people involved in investigations.
- In animal research, provide adequate care of the animals with which the studies are carried out.
- Meeting mutual responsibilities between researchers and research participants.

8. Authorship

The authorship of a scientific article is one of the most important values ​​in science; however, the definition of who should be the author of an article varies considerably between the different disciplines, as well as between the scientists themselves.

The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors establishes criteria for authorship of a scientific article, which are periodically reviewed, that consider the person who has made substantial intellectual contributions to research.

Authorship credit according to the International Committee of Medical Journal Directors, must To rely on:
1. To be publicly responsible for the article, authors must meet all of the following criteria:
a) have contributed substantially to the conception and design, to the collection of data or to the analysis and interpretation of the data.
b) have written the draft of the manuscript or have made an important critical review of its intellectual content.
c) approve the final version of the manuscript.
2. The acquisition of funds, data recording, or general supervision of the research group, by themselves, do not justify appearing as an author.
3. All authors must meet the criteria (1a, 1b and 1c), and all those who meet them must be included as authors.

According to the ICMJE, the authors must satisfy each and every one of the characteristics listed.

"Ghost" authorship

The absence among the authors of an article of people who have contributed, fulfilling the three conditions of the ICMJE, is an irregularity that is currently on the rise in scientific articles; they are the so-called ghost-authors.

Some pharmaceutical companies use scientific publications as a marketing tool. They hire specific specialized staff to write medical articles and try to get these articles signed by prestigious researchers who usually have not made any substantial contribution to the article (called invited authors or guest authors) or declare any conflicts of interest they may have with compensation. economic that they receive from the companies. In these cases, the people who have contributed substantially to the manuscript are not among its authors, which has been called ghostwriting or ghostwritting.

These practices are ethically questionable because they create credibility and copyright problems. Credibility problems arise because many of these articles cannot identify the people responsible for some specific aspect of the research or its publication. These articles have a serious authorship problem, since they are usually written by staff hired by a pharmaceutical company, who does not identify himself as an author, so this practice damages a fundamental principle that exists between authors and readers: the names that appear between the authors are really the authors and also those names indicate where the article comes from.

9. Declaration of authorship and transfer of copyright.

SANUM journal, as well as FeSP-UGT / Andalucía are exempt from liability for the opinions, images, texts and originals of the authors or readers who will be legally responsible for their content. Likewise, the authors have given their prior consent to appear in the original, and the submitting author of the work is responsible for it.

In the case of verifying that the work has been partially or completely copied or plagiarized from another work or publication from another journal or book, it will be immediately rejected by the journal's editorial board.

Both the images, people, organisms or data of the original will remain anonymous except express permission to be named by them. At all times, we will proceed according to data protection legal regulations.

Once the work is accepted for publication, the authors (all) must send the form of AUTHOR STATEMENT AND ASSIGNMENT OF COPYRIGHTS , completely filling out all its sections after the reading the document and signed. This document must be sent original to the following postal address:

Secretaría de Salud, sociosanitaria y dependencia FeSP-UGT/Andalucía (revista científica SANUM. Comité editorial)
Avda. Blas Infante nº 4, 5ª entreplanta. 41011, Sevilla. España.

You can download the original here (Download the declaration of authorship and assignment of rights )


EDITORIAL PROCESS


The editorial board of the journal will conveniently inform the corresponding author after the 1st evaluation carried out by the technical secretary of the journal, indicating all those structural modifications necessary to be made or if the manuscript is structurally correct it will be notified of its submission to the review by the editorial board and scientific committee of the journal; through the email of the correspondence author.

In the event that the journal bodies request modifications of any kind to the manuscript, such changes will be indicated by email to the corresponding author, with the delivery date of the requested modifications. .

The review process followed is "peer review, double blind" . The authors do not know the identity of the external evaluators, who in turn do not know the identity of the authors. The reviewers will write a final report with their verdict, being studied by the scientific management of the journal, who will be able to follow their recommendations, and this body will make the final decision for the publication of the manuscript.

If the article is accepted , it will enter the order of "queue" according to the order of evaluation carried out by the editorial and scientific committee, thematic and agreed upon by the editorial board of the journal, being notified to the corresponding author, indicating date and number of publication of the work. At that time the author will be asked to send the transfer of rights, which is essential as a last step prior to publication of the article.

After final acceptance of the manuscript, the editorial committee reserves the right to make editorial style changes or introduce modifications to facilitate clarity or understanding, including modification of the title and abstract , without that changes in its intellectual content result from it.

The first message from the technical secretary will be considered as a receipt or "RECEIPT" and no type of certificate will be issued that certifies that the work will be published or that it has been delivered. Once the article has been published in the journal, a certificate of authorship with ISSN number will be issued, stating the title of the article and the full name of its authors, being sent to the first author of the article .

The editorial and scientific council of the journal will not maintain any other type of communication with the authors of the papers except the one previously expressed: review by the technical secretary, communication about aspects to be modified and acceptance of the paper for your post.

The judgments and opinions expressed in the articles that appear in the journal are exclusively those of the people who sign them. The editorial and executive council of SANUM journal disclaims any responsibility for the content of published works.


AUTHORS GUIDE

ADVANTAGES OF PUBLISHING IN SANUM JOURNAL


High level of transparency

The Open Access policy allows maximum transparency of the articles published in the journal, since they are available to a wide global audience. In addition to accessibility for its digital publication on the web, sending via mobile app and publication on social networks.

Promotion and press department

The articles published in SANUM are disseminated through various means that guarantee a wide audience of more than 5,000 visits to the digital publication. Furthermore, thanks to the wide distribution of the journal, a wide and global number of articles published in the journal is guaranteed. On the other hand, the journal is present on social networks, Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, LinkedIn and Tumblr among others; Thus allowing greater interaction and scope of work, as well as the exchange of comments between authors and readers.

Certifications and publication costs

In addition, all articles accepted and published in the journal are certified with their corresponding ISSN number. THE REVIEW AND PUBLICATION OF ARTICLES IS TOTALLY FREE.


GENERAL ASPECTS OF PUBLICATION IN SANUM


1. Papers submitted for publication in the SANUM journal must be original, unpublished, not accepted or submitted simultaneously for consideration in other journals. In the event that the work has been presented at a conference, congress or similar event, the full name of the congress, dates and venue must be indicated, as well as its form of presentation (poster, oral communication or presentation). As well as if it has been published in the summary of the official book of the congress, considering that in the case that it was the full text, they are not considered unpublished.

2. The authors of the works must be health professionals or other non-health professionals or those related to the health field. The maximum number of authors accepted in the works will not exceed in any case the five authors .

3. Authors must have prior authorization to submit data or figures that are complete or modified that have already been published. Publish photographs that allow the identification of people. Mention the persons or entities that appear in the acknowledgments.

4. The authors implicitly waive the publication rights , so that the accepted works become the property of the SANUM magazine. In the event that the authors need to incorporate their article in repositories, the journal accepts the self-archive and will allow it in pre-print, post-print and PDF-print, it being essential to request authorization from the editorial board and mandatory to cite its origin .

5. The editorial and scientific management may propose to the authors the modifications it deems necessary for the publication of the work. In these cases, the authors must send the original with the proposed modifications in a period not exceeding 15 days ; in case of not meeting this deadline, the work will be rejected.

6. The submission of the work to this journal supposes the FULL ACCEPTANCE of all the criteria dictated in the norms of presentation of articles proposed by the Editorial and Scientific Council of the SANUM journal.

7. Once the paper has been accepted, the correspondence author will receive a notice letter via e-mail with the decision taken and in case of being published when the article is going to be published, indicating the date and number of publication of the article. < / p>

8. All authors of the work must sign and send by post the model of declaration of authorship and transfer of copyright in original document as last and inexcusable prerequisite to the publication of the manuscript.

THE REVIEW AND PUBLICATION OF THE ARTICLES IN THE SANUM SCIENTIFIC-SANITARY JOURNAL IS TOTALLY FREE.


ARTICLE PUBLICATION RULES


Download General Rules of Publication in SANUM

ARTICLE PUBLICATION RULES

SANUM publishes original works, review articles, editorials, clinical cases or case studies, protocols and other specific articles related to any professional health area of ​​the health sciences and that favor the development and dissemination of research, knowledge and their powers. All the papers received are submitted for evaluation by the editorial committee and by external reviewers. Manuscripts must be prepared following the recommendations of the International Committee of Directors of Medical Journals in their latest version and comply with the publication standards set forth herein. Failure to consider these recommendations and instructions will inevitably cause a delay in the editorial process and in the possible publication of the manuscript, and may also cause the manuscript to be rejected.

Original submission method: email

The only way of sending the works will be through the following email: ConsejoDedaccion_revistasanum@yahoo.es and following the rules and recommendations for the presentation of the works . • It must be sent by the main author: CORRESPONDENCE AUTHOR .
• In the SUBJECT of the message, the title of the work should be written in capital letters.
• In the HEADER of the message, the title of each of the attached files sent with the message must be indicated. In addition, the name and surname of the authors, professional category and current work activity must be indicated.

Once the work has been received in this way and according to these recommendations, a response will be sent after its structural review by the Technical Secretariat of the editorial board. In case of receiving any work sent without these recommendations, it will not be attended or reviewed, being considered as not accepted work .

Once it has been verified that the article meets the structural characteristics accepted by this journal, the Secretary of the editorial board will send the manuscript to the editorial and scientific committee for a documentary, ethical and scientific rigor review, necessary conditions for that the article be accepted and published in this journal .

Once the article is admitted by the editorial and scientific council, it will be reviewed by external reviewers, who will present a report with the opinion of their review and in any case the corresponding author will be notified of the decision. taken. In case of being accepted, the authors will be notified for their next publication, which will depend on the queue of articles existing at that time and that are pending publication in the journal with the decision of publication order dictated by the editorial committee and scientist.

Formal aspects of the originals:
• Document format: A4.
• Minimum number of full pages without images: 10 pages.
• Maximum number of complete pages without images: 20 pages.
• All pages must be numbered at the bottom right.
• Source: Times New Roman. 12 point double-spaced font size.
• Texts without bullets.
• Files in Word format. Saving files with a .doc, .docx or .rtf extension
• 72 pp color images.
• Tables, maps and graphs may be presented in Excel format with clarity and precision; they must invariably include the source or origin of provenance, and their exact placement must be indicated in the text of the work. The maximum number of these elements must not exceed six elements in total, including images, tables or graphics.
• Calls must be numeric.
• Citations should be inserted in the text by opening a parenthesis with the author's last name, the year of publication and the page.
• For acronyms, acronyms or abbreviations, the first time they are used, the full or untied name must be written; then, in parentheses, the form to be used later. Examples: World Bank (WB), United Nations (UN), gross domestic product (GDP).
• The articles will be received with the corresponding spelling and style correction.
• The publication of articles will be subject to the availability of space in each issue.
• The following sections must be presented in Spanish and English: TITLE, SUMMARY, KEY WORDS AND DISCUSSION-CONCLUSIONS .

SECTION POLICIES

The sections that are admitted following the editorial policy of the journal are the following:

• Editorial:

This section will include comments and reflections on a new topic of current health or scientific relevance, related to Health Sciences, Medical Sciences, Nursing or other health or clinical discipline, that is of interest to health or non-health professionals. .

This section will be prepared by custom at the request of the management or editorial team of the journal, although the journal is open to proposals on topics and authors who can develop them as experts in the field to present. The editorial does not express the official position of the SANUM editorial committee, unless expressly stated in the editorial itself.

All publishers should try to be impartial and deal with novel, controversial or very little literature topics, and should reflect the different positions that exist. Editorials will have a maximum length of 500 words, up to 10 bibliographic references, and without any graphic element. Abstract should not be included.

This section is published as the journal's leading article.

• Letters to the editor:

In this section, scientific and formally acceptable observations will be published on the articles published in the SANUM journal, from the two previous issues published. It is also a space for readers to send their comments on current issues, in any aspect related to health sciences that may be of interest to health and non-health professionals. It is the ideal section for the exchange of ideas and opinions among the readers, authors and editorial team of the journal, in which we invite you to participate. The maximum length will be 500 words. A table or figure will be admitted (see rules for publishing tables and figures) and up to 6 bibliographic references.

• Original Articles:

Full description of an essential research work or clinical practice that provides sufficient information to allow a critical assessment. These works will have a quantitative or qualitative methodology related to any aspect of research in the health or socio-health field of the different disciplines of Health Sciences. The manuscript will not exceed 3,000 words (excluding the abstract, acknowledgments, bibliography and figures and / or tables). The maximum number of bibliographic references will be 35, and the number of tables or figures will not exceed 6.

The following sections must appear in an orderly manner in the document structure: Introduction, Methodology, Results, Discussion and Conclusions. The units of measurement in any section will be expressed in the conventional system or in the international system (SI).

In addition to the previous structure, this manuscript must include a SUMMARY, which can be structured or unstructured and at least 3 KEY WORDS, both sections in Spanish and English.

• Short originals:

Works with the same characteristics described in the originals, but which are published in a more abbreviated manner with more concrete objectives and results. The maximum length of the text will be 1,500 words, admitting up to a maximum of 3 tables or figures. The structure of these manuscripts will be the same as that of the original ones (Introduction, Methodology, Results and Discussion) with a maximum of 15 bibliographic references. The abstract must be structured and the rest of the structure must be the same as that of the originals.

• Reviews:

Bibliometric studies, systematic reviews, meta-analysis and meta-synthesis on relevant and current topics in Health Sciences, which should include: Introduction, Methodology, Results, and Discussion and Conclusions. The maximum length of the text will be 3,000 words, and a maximum of 6 tables or figures will be admitted (see rules for table and figure rules). Review papers will include a 250-word structured abstract and a maximum of 50 bibliographic references. You can include keywords.

For the preparation of the systematic reviews or meta-analyzes it will be advisable to follow the indications published in the PRISMA statement (http://www.prisma-statement.org).

• Protocols or procedures. Field notes.

This section will publish manuscripts on the current state of knowledge in specific aspects, experiences of professional practice that are of great interest, novel and relevant based on the professional experience of the author or authors.

Its theme may include not only problems in the healthcare field, but also issues of teaching, research or management content. The structure will include: Introduction, Development, Conclusions and Bibliography. The maximum length will be 2000 words and a summary of no more than 500 words, in Spanish and English. A maximum of 3 tables and / or figures and 20 bibliographic references will be accepted.

• Clinical cases:

In this section, manuscripts will be published that must be essentially descriptive works of one or more clinical cases, of exceptional interest, either due to their infrequent frequency, their unusual evolution or their contribution to the knowledge of clinical practice in any of the disciplines of Health Sciences. Professionals should present new or illustrative aspects of any area of ​​health knowledge of clinical practice and express them in a standard way that is understandable to other professionals. They must be adequately argued and explained. Its maximum length must be 1000 words and follow a specific structure and appropriate to its description. You can include up to 3 tables and / or figures and up to 10 bibliographic references.

• Special articles:

Manuscripts referring to other works that do not conform to the above types of work and that may be of scientific interest in any health area will be published. This type of manuscripts will have a maximum length of 1500 words and 2 tables or figures. They will include a 250 word abstract. It will not be necessary to structure said summary or the main text in introduction, methods, results and discussion. A maximum of 15 bibliographic references is recommended.

• Clinical images:

Clinical images must strictly comply with the international terms of ethics and respecting the integrity of patients and complying with what is informed consent.

Images of any type (ectoscopic, endoscopic, radiological, microbiological, pathological, etc.) that are demonstrative and contain by themselves a relevant message of scientific and current rigor. Its structure should contain a title in Spanish and English, presentation of the case, diagnosis, evolution and brief comment in order to discuss the observed findings. It should not exceed 500 words and no more than 10 bibliographic citations and 3 authors maximum. It is recommended to include explanatory graphic resources (arrows, asterisks) in the image.

The quality of the manuscript must be at least 300 dpi and with a size no greater than half a page of the submitted manuscript. It will be subject to peer review.

• Clinical practice guidelines.

They are manuscripts where questions or health / clinical problems are posed and the best scientific evidence available is organized so that, in the form of recommendations, they can be used in clinical decision-making. They are defined as "the set of recommendations developed in a systematic way, to help clinicians and patients in the decision-making process, about which are the most appropriate interventions to solve a clinical problem in specific health circumstances" (Field MJ, 1990).

The structure that must be followed is: Title- Stages in the development of the guide- Choice of clinical condition / health problem-Specification of tasks- work plan-Systematic review of the literature and preparation of recommendations- Bibliography revised and updated-Authors of the guide.

The Guide will be revised and once accepted, it will be proposed to publish it in an abbreviated form as a special article and to publish the complete or extended guide as a monograph in the supplements section.

FORMAL STRUCTURE TO BE PRESENTED BY THE MANUSCRIPTS.

A standard structure proposed by the The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors , which recognizes a generic structure of the Scientific Manuscript, must be followed. Therefore, the scientific article is subject to this internationally accepted structure, in which each section has a purpose and an intention. This structure may vary depending on what type of article is listed above.

Therefore, the following STRUCTURE OF THE MANUSCRIPTS received at the Technical Secretariat must be followed:

FIRST PAGE:
• Article title in both Spanish and English .
• Full name and surname of each of the authors, profession and workplace where appropriate, without abbreviations (Mª ...)
• Center / s where the work has been carried out.
• Name, email address, and telephone number of the author responsible for the communication of notices. He is the author of correspondence.
Financing of the article: indicate the financial and material aid that the study may have had, and indicate the organism, the agency, the institution or the company, and the number of the project, agreement or contract. In case of not having external financing, "No financing" will be recorded. This information is required in all types of articles previously described.
• Conflict of interest: The authors, when sending the manuscript, must indicate if there are any conflicts of interest (moral, economic, labor, research, etc.). The editorial board may require the authors that this conflict declaration be expanded or detailed as much as they consider appropriate. Likewise, if there is no conflict of interest, they should state it explicitly.
• If it has been presented as a presentation, oral communication, poster, etc. in some congress or day, indicating dates of celebration, place of celebration.

RECOMMENDATIONS TO TAKE INTO ACCOUNT WITH THE TITLE OF THE ARTICLE:

The 'article presentation card' is considered in front of the research reader or member of the scientific community. It must be attractive to capture the reader's attention and it must accurately identify the main theme of the writing, it must be descriptive.

If the study focuses on a specific population group (only women or only men, older people, immigrant population ...), in the title, this population group should be mentioned.

The characteristics that make a title suitable are:
• You must describe the content in a concrete way and although there is no specific rule on its size, It should not be excessively long and a limit of 10 to 15 words is established.
• It must be specific or concise in relation to the topic covered, avoiding generic terms. Clarity refers to the absence of ambiguous elements.
• The following sentences are uninformative and may be removed from the beginning: Aspects of, Comments on, Studies of, Notes on, Observations on ....
• Avoid if possible the use of terms such as: Study, Research, Analysis, etc., which are superfluous because they are supposed to be part of the work as an original article.
• Acronyms, acronyms and abbreviations must not appear.
• The fewer punctuation marks the better.
• Both the words and the syntax must be correct. Avoid subtitles or split titles.
• They must be written with an affirmative phrase, avoiding the interrogative tones.
• If the study focuses on a specific population group (only women or only men, the elderly, children, immigrant population ...), this population group should be mentioned in the title.

It is therefore about describing the content of the article as accurately as possible with the fewest number of words, so it is important that once the article is finished, the title is reviewed to verify that it reflects the actual content in a concise way. of the article or if, on the contrary, it needs some adaptation once we have the global vision of the finished work.

What is a good title ?: as few words as possible that adequately describe the content of an article.

SUMMARY AND KEY WORDS

On the second page, the abstract and keywords must be included in Spanish and English , and in that order.

SUMMARY

It represents a synthesis of the essential content of the work, an abbreviated and precise representation of the content of the document, without interpretation or criticism, which helps the reader to decide whether or not to read the full text.

The summary can be structured or unstructured. The structured summary must include a specification of the main sections of the work: introduction, method, discussion, main conclusion. The unstructured abstract is less recommended and should contain a clear synthesis of the highlights of the manuscript.

The approximate length of the abstract will be 250 words, not exceeding the maximum of 350 words, it may vary according to the type of work (read section policies)

Characteristics that the summary section must meet:
• Brevity: The recommended length should be between 150-250 words.
• Autonomy: The summary must be a coherent text and must be understood on its own.
• Accuracy: It must include the most important concepts in the document.
• Clarity: The summary must be understandable, simple and informative.

Recommendations to follow to prepare this section of the paper:
• To be understood without having to read the article partially or totally.
• The main points of the article can be developed in concrete terms.
• Be ordered observing the general outline of the article.
• Start with the most important idea of ​​the work, but not repeating the title of the work.
• Write in 3rd person, impersonally, using the present tense: "It is described, it is reviewed ..."
• Take special care of spelling correction and punctuation marks.
• Use professional, technical and scientific terminology, but avoiding abbreviations.
• Try to write the summary in two or three paragraphs, using short sentences.
• Do not include subjective evaluations, or personal motivations that justify the work, etc.
• Avoid useless phrases and vague expressions.
• Avoid ambiguous words, with meaning that can be confused.
• Avoid superlatives, unnecessary adjectives and obvious information clarifications.
• Do not make particular references to a graphic or image.

It is recommended that both the TITLE and the SUMMARY , be prepared after the end of the article, as this allows a broader view of the study and helps to select the key aspects that must appear both in the Title and in the Summary.

KEY WORDS

Following the summary, no more than 5 keywords will be explained, without explaining their meaning. These keywords should express significant terms of the work presented and describe the main content of the article. Acronyms or abbreviations will not be accepted as keywords .

They serve for inclusion in indexes or databases, allowing their selection when performing a bibliographic search . To order a future bibliographic search by other authors and professionals, they should be put in the order of appearance in the article.

In medical sciences, they must be taken from the Medical Subject Heading (MeSH), whose translation in Spanish is "Descriptors in Health Sciences (DeCS)" . Therefore, it is necessary to check these descriptors to be used in the article. The access link: http://decs.bvs.br/E/homepagee.htm

Entering this page allows us to locate the same term with its exact translation and its synonyms, which should be used as a keyword. If it is not included, you should look for another one if it is included or a synonym for it .

Other recommendations: do not limit yourself to repeating the words that appear in the title. Do not use empty words (pronouns, adverbs ...), insignificant words, (analysis, description, investigation ...) or infinitives.

ABSTRACT and KEYWORDS

The two previous sections should be written in English , with the complete and exact translation into English of the abstract (Abstract) and the key words (Key Words) in addition to the title of the article. It should be borne in mind that this information in English will appear in the main bibliographic databases, and the authors are responsible for its spelling and grammar correction.

IMRAD STANDARD STRUCTURE

The following sections of the manuscript must follow the structure proposed by The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, which recognizes a generic structure of the Scientific Manuscript that includes the following sections: Introduction, Material and Methods, Results, Discussion and Conclusions 'IMRAD' . Therefore, the scientific article is subject to this internationally accepted structure, in which each section has a purpose and an intention. This general structure may change depending on the type of article proposed

INTRODUCTION:

The introduction has to explain "why this work has been done", and a summary idea of ​​the work done. It will outline the moment of the situation, must describe the study problem and its antecedents, and argue with updated bibliographic references. And the objectives of the work will be clearly established.

The introduction establishes the knowledge argument currently available on the research topic (background), pointing out the existing knowledge gaps and towards which of these our research is directed and tries to arouse interest in the publication.

Bibliographic citations must be necessary and must be current (between 6 and 10 years depending on the topic, considering the ideal below 6 years), except for publications that constitute "milestones" in the evolution of knowledge of the topic investigated.

It should not be excessively long that they can bore and attract too much attention to the reader regarding other more important sections ( about 300 words ) and the central structure of the article. This section is built based on a story sequence in which it is important to consider the following aspects:
• There should be no data or statements that subsequently appear in the "Results" or "Conclusions" sections.
• It should not extend into already consolidated knowledge.

The importance of research is obvious to the author, but not necessarily to the reader. You have to answer the question What? And why was the investigation necessary? It must be justified. And then explain the importance of research for daily practice.

The relationship between research and prior knowledge of the topic (the background) is established through a narrative supported by citations from the literature. It is not necessary to mention everything that is known about the subject, but to demonstrate that the subject is known. Only the most relevant contributions will be cited.

A common mistake is to start the introduction with very general information for the article audience. In this section the purpose and objective of the article should be made explicit.

HYPOTHESIS AND / OR OBJECTIVES OF THE WORK:

These two sections can be developed in their own section, as occurs in research projects, or added within the writing of the article as the final paragraphs of the Introduction .

HYPOTHESIS: In relation to the hypothesis / s, the following aspects should be considered:
• The hypothesis represents the researcher's theory in relation to the research topic (it is not a research question).
• The hypothesis must be formulated directly and simply in a short text (multiple hypotheses cannot be formulated in the same paragraph).
• Hypotheses are tested, so they determine the design, methodology and analysis (what is not testable is not a hypothesis).

OBJECTIVES: refer to what the work is intended to achieve. It is recommended to present a main objective and no more than 2-3 secondary objectives, bearing in mind that these must be justified during the course of the work, even though they have not been achieved. Regarding the writing of the objectives, it is necessary to consider:
• They represent the scope or achievements of the research project.
• Objectives are reached or achieved (unattainable achievements are not objectives).
• They determine both the design and the methodological and analytical aspects.
• They must be expressed in terms of knowledge: Know, Estimate, Identify, Validate.
• Terms such as: Study, Analyze, Investigate should be avoided.
• They must be formulated in infinitive (-ar, -er, -ir, -or -ur) and express the ideas of what you want to demonstrate with the presentation of the work.
• It means the end that you want to reach, the goal that is intended to be achieved with the development of the article.

MATERIAL AND METHODS (METHODOLOGY)

There are two essential aspects when writing this section:
to. The writing of this section should be such that it allows other researchers to repeat the study in order to reproduce the results.
b. It must be in accordance with the hypotheses and objectives formulated.

This section section explains how the research was done , you have to give all kinds of details. Most of this section should be written in the past tense. The work must be able to be validated and repeated by other researchers, therefore it will be necessary to offer precise information so that other colleagues can repeat the experiment, this implies describing in detail and defending the design. The scientific method requires that the results obtained be reproducible.

You should answer the following questions: What? How much? Where? When? The study has been carried out.

In materials , it is better to refrain, if possible, from giving trade names, it is preferred to use generic names to avoid intrinsic advertising. It simply describes what has been used (surveys, tests and procedures, measuring devices or instruments, drugs, routes of administration, techniques used, etc ...).

Recommendations in its writing:
• We must respond specifically to how and how much and sometimes when . If statistical methods have been used, the data should be presented and examined, in summary.
• The statistical methods of others should be described by bibliographic citations, but a long description of them will not be made.
• If a new method is used (no bibliographic citations), it will have to be described and possibly justified.
ambiguous terms such as: regularly, frequently, periodically… should not be used.
• It is written in past : It was counted, measured, etc ...

The description of a clinical case can be used as a method as the center and development of the study carried out. A bibliographic review can be used, describing how it has been done. .

This section must meet the following conditions :
• The aspects related to the design must be described in detail: type of study, sample, sampling error, bias control, measurement methods, data source, period of data collection, recruitment, follow-up, etc.
• In the case of using already standardized or validated methods, only their mention is necessary and should not be described in detail.
• Specify ethical and confidentiality aspects.
• Statistical methods must be described with a level of detail that allows the analysis to be reproduced in the case of accessing microdata.
• Avoid using, outside the statistical scope, terms such as "significant", "correlation", "relationship", "association", etc.

RESULTADOS.

This section is the nucleus of the communication, where the DATA obtained is shown. Here the results of the investigation are reported. Data can be provided through text, tables and figures. Text is the fastest and most efficient way to present little data, tables are great for presenting accurate and repeatable data, and figures are the best choice for presenting data that shows important trends or patterns. The figure includes any possible illustration material: graphics, diagrams and photographs.

In the writing of this section, the researcher must always keep in mind the hypotheses and objectives formulated. This section is the basis for expressing the evidence obtained.

The main aspects to consider are:
• It must be directed towards the verification of the hypothesis and the achievement of the objectives.
• Results not derived from data analysis should not be expressed.
• Both positive and negative results should be expressed.
• The information must be summarized using tables.
• Figures should be used to emphasize results (not good tools for expressing exact numerical information).
• In general, Roman numerals should be used for tables (Table I, Table II, etc.) and Arabic numerals for figures (Figure 1, Figure 2, etc.).
• Avoid, in the text, the repetition of data expressed in tables or figures.

DISCUSSION.

It will be exposed why this study has been done and what results or consequences it has reached, being able to include the effects achieved if it is a significant work or research. It is the INTERPRETATION of the results obtained, therefore the author must not express as conclusions those that do not derive directly from the results. Explains the meaning of the experimental data and compares it with results obtained from other similar previous works.

They refer to arguments and claims related to data from experimental measurements and logic: science regarding rules and procedures to discern whether a reasoning (reasoning) is correct (valid) or incorrect (invalid) ).

With the conclusions, it constitutes the final and proper part of the work developed and exposed.

In this section the results obtained in the investigation should be discussed. For this, the author must explain:
• The answer to the research question.
• Summarize the evidence found.
• Express the verification or not of the hypotheses and the achievement or not of the objectives formulated.
• Highlight the main findings.
• Confront our results with other scientific publications.
• Explain the weaknesses of the study and its limitations regarding the scope of the results (critical evaluation of the authors).
• Analyze the potential causes of negative results.
• Ask questions for further research.

CONCLUSIONS.

From this discussion we will draw our conclusions, which must be interpretive, not descriptive, therefore they cannot reproduce quantitative data and it is important that we make an effort to summarize the main applications or benefits in terms of health that our work can report.

Both previous sections (DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS), must be presented in Spanish and English, in this order.

BIBLIOGRAPHIC REFERENCES / BIBLIOGRAPHY.

Bibliographic references must necessarily be numbered consecutively by means of a superscript call and Arabic numerals in the order of appearance for the first time in the text, tables and figures. This section reflects the documentary base on which the research has been based and mainly supports the introduction, methodology and discussion sections.

The wording should be such that it allows other researchers to repeat the study in order to reproduce the results.

Requires special care to follow universal citation requirements that allow any reader to retrieve any of the articles or papers referenced in our study in case they need them.

To correctly reference each of the works, we must use the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts, what we know as VANCOUVER STANDARDS , which is available in the recommendations of the International Committee of Editors of Biomedical journals .

In practical terms, they are a set of rules established to make communications and publications in biomedical journals uniform and thus ensure that they meet criteria shared by readers and researchers in the field of Health Sciences for the citations used in their jobs.

The bibliography must be recent, for guidance and as previously mentioned, we can focus on bibliography that has been published in the last six years, but as has also been mentioned, this aspect depends on the specific topic we are studying and sometimes we are forced to extend the study period, sometimes to reach a reasonable number of articles for the review and in others for different reasons. We must also ensure that they are adequate and fit with criteria of relevance to the proposed research topic. Regarding the number of references, it should be reasonable and should rarely exceed 40 citations

All bibliographic citations of journal articles, books, protocols or other published or electronic material must be made following these Vancouver standards . Below we present the recommendations and styles for citing the most common documents:
1. BOOK: Author / s. Title. Volume. Edition. Place of publication: Editorial; year. Example: Pérez Pérez A., Suarez Jiménez, E. Medical dictionary. Volume II.2ª edition, Barcelona: Editions medicine and health; 1998.
2. BOOK CHAPTER: Author / s of the chapter. Chapter title. In: Director / Coordinator / Literary editor of the book. Title of the book. Edition. Place of publication: Editorial; year. Chapter start page-Chapter end page. Example: Rader DJ, Hobbs HH. Fat metabolism disorders. In: Barnes PJ. Longo DL, Fauci AS, et al, editors. Harrison's early internal medicine. Vol 2. 18th ed. Mexico: McGraw-Hill; 2012. p. 3145-3161.
3. journal ARTICLE: Authors of the article (6 aut. Maximum et al). Article title. Abbreviation of the journal. Year; Volume (number): pages. Example: Sánchez J.C, Gómez T. News about celiac disease. An Pediatr. 2013; 78 (1): 15-22
4. INTERNET journal ARTICLE: Authors of the article (6 authors maximum et al). Article title. Abbreviation of the journal [Internet]. Year [date of consultation]; Volume (number): pages. Available at: Article URL Example: Vitoria JC, Bilbao JR. News in celiac disease. An Pediatr [Internet]. 2013 [cited 2013 Feb 14]; 78 (1): 1-5. Available at: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/S1540
5. WEB PAGE (WEB SITE): Web Site [Internet]. Place of publication: Editor; Start date [last update date; date of our consultation]. Available at: web URL Example: Orpha.net [Internet]. Paris: Orphanet; 2000 [updated 14 Feb 2013; cited 2013 Apr 4]. Available at: http://www.orpha.net/consor/cgi?bin/index.php?lng=ES

VANCOUVER RULES , can be found at: https: / /www.fisterra.com/her tools / resources / vancouver/

GRAPHIC ELEMENTS: IMAGES, TABLES AND FIGURES.

Images :

Images can be included in a maximum number of 3, which must follow the ethical standards and corresponding publication permits, including the sources of origin and corresponding authorizations. The source of origin can be referred to in the bibliography ..

They must be related to the theme of the work and may refer to someone other than the text, in which case it must be indicated in it, for example: (image 1). .

They must be of sufficient quality and have a title in their image caption and must be sent in image format (jpg, tif, ...) and in ATTACHED FILE apart from the manuscript . They can also appear in the manuscript or indicate the place where you want to place it, indicating it in red and what the order of appearance is.

Tables and figures:

These graphic elements represent a very useful and generally important tool for the presentation of the data obtained in the study. Each element must contain a title and be numbered in the order in which they appear in the text. A brief explanation of the graphic element that does not exceed a line of text depending on the dimensions of the element can be included.

If they contain abbreviations or acronyms, their meaning must appear at the foot of the graphic element and their numbering and title must be located in the header ..

OTHER SECTIONS TO INCLUDE AT THE END OF THE MANUSCRIPT (they are placed after the conclusions and before the bibliography):

Transparency statement:

It is necessary to write this section in all cases. This statement is written by the main author of the study, which must ensure the quality, rigor and transparency of the study, with its results and limitations; in addition to expressing the participation of the authors signing the manuscript with their full approval of it. An example of this section (recommended wording) :.

“The main author (defender of the manuscript) assures that the manuscript is an honest, adequate and transparent article; that it has been sent to the scientific journal SANUM, that it has not excluded important aspects of the study and that the discrepancies of the analysis have been argued, being registered when they have been relevant. All authors have contributed substantially to the design, analysis, interpretation, critical review of the content and final approval of this article. "

(We recommend reading the section "ETHICAL STATEMENT OF THE PUBLICATION").

Funding sources:

It is necessary to write this section in all cases and indicate the source of origin if there is or if there is no source of financing, indicate: "no sources of financing".

(We recommend reading the section "ETHICAL STATEMENT OF THE PUBLICATION").

Conflict of interest:

It is necessary to write this section in all cases. If there is no conflict of interest, it should be stated on the authors' data page: "no conflict of interest" ; or express the conflicts that arose during the development of the study ..

(We recommend reading the section "ETHICAL STATEMENT OF THE PUBLICATION").

Publication:

It is necessary to write this section in all cases. It must be indicated if the study has been presented at any scientific event (conference, symposium or congress) and in the format presented (oral communication, poster, presentation ...) In this case, state the title, dates of celebration and location of the same. .

In case of not having been previously presented at any event, it should be indicated: "This study (work) has not been presented at any scientific event (congress or conference)" ..

(It is recommended to read the section "ETHICAL STATEMENT OF THE PUBLICATION")

Thanks :

They should contact the institutions, organizations and / or people who have collaborated significantly in carrying out the study without the consideration of being the author. The authors have the responsibility to obtain the corresponding permits in their case. Thus, all the people specifically mentioned in this acknowledgment section must know and approve their inclusion in said section.

SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL:

If you need to present any supplementary material attached to the study, you may include that considered necessary to attach to improve the understanding of the work (surveys, list of diseases or others, tests used, analytical results, tables of values, etc.). .

This material will be placed at the end of the article, in its own section and each attached element will be numbered in the order of appearance and with its title. These annexes will be referred to in the article in its corresponding place where they are referenced.

The format of these elements can be image or in a separate Excel document.


ETHICAL STATEMENT OF THE PUBLICATION


Download the publication's ethical statement

ETHICAL STATEMENT OF THE PUBLICATION

Below are the considerations related to the ethical statement prepared by the editorial and scientific committee, as well as by the executive committee of the SANUM journal, describing the main aspects that must be declared and contain the manuscripts to be evaluated, accepted and published in SANUM journal. These are:

1. Ethical responsibilities.

The authors signing the articles accept the responsibility defined by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE).

The papers that are sent to the SANUM journal for evaluation must have been prepared in compliance with international recommendations on clinical research (Declaration of Helsinki of the World Medical Association revised in October 2013) and with laboratory animals.

2. Declarations inherent in the submission of the manuscript

The submission of a manuscript implies that:
1. The work has not been previously published (except in conferences and congresses such as communication or poster; or an academic thesis); see the section on 'Redundant or duplicate publication'.
2. That it has not been sent to any other means for evaluation and publication.
3. That its publication is authorized by all the authors as well as expressly or tacitly by the authorities responsible for the institution in which the job.
4. That, if accepted, it will not be published in any other medium or in any other language, not even in electronic format, without the written consent of the owner of the copyright. To verify its originality, the manuscript may be examined using the Turnitin program or similar.

3. Informed consent

If the work involves the participation of people or animals, the author must ensure that it was carried out in accordance with the WHO code of ethics (Declaration of Helsinki) on experiments with humans. The author must have obtained the consent of all the subjects studied and declare in the manuscript that he has them. Necessarily, the right to privacy of people must always be respected and the anonymity of all information / images must be guaranteed to guarantee the protection of personal data.

Animal experiments should adhere to the ARRIVE guidelines and be performed in accordance with the UK Animal Act 1986 (Scientific Procedures) and related recommendations of the EU Directive 2010/63 / EU for animal experiments . The author must clearly indicate in the manuscript that these guidelines have been followed.

4. Redundant or duplicate publication.

All articles sent to SANUM journal are subjected to plagiarism detection scrutiny with specialized software. Authors must inform in the cover letter about previous submissions or publications of the same work, in whole or in part, that may be considered redundant or duplicate publication. It is necessary to cite and include the bibliographic reference of these previous publications in the new manuscript. Authors are responsible for obtaining permission to partially reproduce materials (text, tables or figures) from other published works. These permissions must be requested from both the author and the publisher of the publication. It will not be considered redundant publication if the work has been previously presented at a conference.

As an example, if one of these two questions has an affirmative answer, there may be redundant or duplicate publication:
- Is the submitted manuscript part of a larger study that has previous publications in another medium?
- Has a part of your manuscript been sent to another journal for evaluation or has it been previously published partially or totally?

5. Conflict of interest

In the manuscript and as a recommendation of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors , it should be stated if there is any possible conflict of interests linked to the study and is considered as those conditions in which the professional judgment that concerns the primary interest of scientific integrity, tends to be negatively influenced by a secondary interest, such as monetary interest.

In the absence of any type of conflict of interest, it should be stated on the authors' data page: "no conflict of interest" .

6. Funding source

Institutions that have provided financial funding for the research or article preparation, as well as a brief description of the role these sponsors have played in the design of the study, must necessarily be indicated on the authors' data page. , the collection, analysis and interpretation of the data, the writing of the article or the decision to send the article for publication. If there has not been any type of participation, please indicate "no sources of funding" .

7. Research integrity

According to the National Research Council of the National Academies, research integrity can be defined as a series of good practices that include:
- Intellectual honesty to propose, execute and present the results of an investigation.
- Detail accurately the contributions of the authors to the research proposals and / or their results.
- Be fair in reviewing scientific articles (peer review process).
- Promote interaction between the different scientific communities and the exchange of resources.
- Transparency in conflicts of interest.
- Protection of people involved in investigations.
- In animal research, provide adequate care of the animals with which the studies are carried out.
- Meeting mutual responsibilities between researchers and research participants.

8. Authorship

The authorship of a scientific article is one of the most important values ​​in science; however, the definition of who should be the author of an article varies considerably between the different disciplines, as well as between the scientists themselves.

The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors establishes criteria for authorship of a scientific article, which are periodically reviewed, that consider the person who has made substantial intellectual contributions to research.

Authorship credit according to the International Committee of Medical Journal Directors, must To rely on:
1. To be publicly responsible for the article, authors must meet all of the following criteria:
a) have contributed substantially to the conception and design, to the collection of data or to the analysis and interpretation of the data.
b) have written the draft of the manuscript or have made an important critical review of its intellectual content.
c) approve the final version of the manuscript.
2. The acquisition of funds, data recording, or general supervision of the research group, by themselves, do not justify appearing as an author.
3. All authors must meet the criteria (1a, 1b and 1c), and all those who meet them must be included as authors.

According to the ICMJE, the authors must satisfy each and every one of the characteristics listed.

"Ghost" authorship

The absence among the authors of an article of people who have contributed, fulfilling the three conditions of the ICMJE, is an irregularity that is currently on the rise in scientific articles; they are the so-called ghost-authors.

Some pharmaceutical companies use scientific publications as a marketing tool. They hire specific specialized staff to write medical articles and try to get these articles signed by prestigious researchers who usually have not made any substantial contribution to the article (called invited authors or guest authors) or declare any conflicts of interest they may have with compensation. economic that they receive from the companies. In these cases, the people who have contributed substantially to the manuscript are not among its authors, which has been called ghostwriting or ghostwritting.

These practices are ethically questionable because they create credibility and copyright problems. Credibility problems arise because many of these articles cannot identify the people responsible for some specific aspect of the research or its publication. These articles have a serious authorship problem, since they are usually written by staff hired by a pharmaceutical company, who does not identify himself as an author, so this practice damages a fundamental principle that exists between authors and readers: the names that appear between the authors are really the authors and also those names indicate where the article comes from.

9. Declaration of authorship and transfer of copyright.

SANUM journal, as well as FeSP-UGT / Andalucía are exempt from liability for the opinions, images, texts and originals of the authors or readers who will be legally responsible for their content. Likewise, the authors have given their prior consent to appear in the original, and the submitting author of the work is responsible for it.

In the case of verifying that the work has been partially or completely copied or plagiarized from another work or publication from another journal or book, it will be immediately rejected by the journal's editorial board.

Both the images, people, organisms or data of the original will remain anonymous except express permission to be named by them. At all times, we will proceed according to data protection legal regulations.

Once the work is accepted for publication, the authors (all) must send the form of AUTHOR STATEMENT AND ASSIGNMENT OF COPYRIGHTS , completely filling out all its sections after the reading the document and signed. This document must be sent original to the following postal address:

Secretaría de Salud, sociosanitaria y dependencia FeSP-UGT/Andalucía (revista científica SANUM. Comité editorial)
Avda. Blas Infante nº 4, 5ª entreplanta. 41011, Sevilla. España.

You can download the original here (Download the declaration of authorship and assignment of rights )


EDITORIAL PROCESS


The editorial board of the journal will conveniently inform the corresponding author after the 1st evaluation carried out by the technical secretary of the journal, indicating all those structural modifications necessary to be made or if the manuscript is structurally correct it will be notified of its submission to the review by the editorial board and scientific committee of the journal; through the email of the correspondence author.

In the event that the journal bodies request modifications of any kind to the manuscript, such changes will be indicated by email to the corresponding author, with the delivery date of the requested modifications. .

The review process followed is "peer review, double blind" . The authors do not know the identity of the external evaluators, who in turn do not know the identity of the authors. The reviewers will write a final report with their verdict, being studied by the scientific management of the journal, who will be able to follow their recommendations, and this body will make the final decision for the publication of the manuscript.

If the article is accepted , it will enter the order of "queue" according to the order of evaluation carried out by the editorial and scientific committee, thematic and agreed upon by the editorial board of the journal, being notified to the corresponding author, indicating date and number of publication of the work. At that time the author will be asked to send the transfer of rights, which is essential as a last step prior to publication of the article.

After final acceptance of the manuscript, the editorial committee reserves the right to make editorial style changes or introduce modifications to facilitate clarity or understanding, including modification of the title and abstract , without that changes in its intellectual content result from it.

The first message from the technical secretary will be considered as a receipt or "RECEIPT" and no type of certificate will be issued that certifies that the work will be published or that it has been delivered. Once the article has been published in the journal, a certificate of authorship with ISSN number will be issued, stating the title of the article and the full name of its authors, being sent to the first author of the article .

The editorial and scientific council of the journal will not maintain any other type of communication with the authors of the papers except the one previously expressed: review by the technical secretary, communication about aspects to be modified and acceptance of the paper for your post.

The judgments and opinions expressed in the articles that appear in the journal are exclusively those of the people who sign them. The editorial and executive council of SANUM journal disclaims any responsibility for the content of published works.